The College was established with bipartisan support in 2002. The Judicial College of Victoria Act 2001 provides for the creation of the College Board, which has overall responsibility for the College. The Board is chaired by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Victoria and comprises heads of the six Victorian jurisdictions and two governor-in-council appointees.
The inaugural Board was chaired by Chief Justice John Harber Phillips AC and comprised of Justice Murray Kellam, President of VCAT, Chief Judge Glenn Waldron AO (and later that year by Chief Judge Michael Rozenes), Chief Magistrate Ian Gray, Professor Peter Sallmann, Crown Counsel, and Professor Susan Campbell of Monash University.
Since then, Chief Justice Marilyn Warren AC and Chief Justice Anne Ferguson have each helmed the Board as Chair.