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7.4.14.2 - Checklist: Conduct Endangering Life

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Five elements the prosecution must prove beyond reasonable doubt:

  1. The accused committed the conduct alleged in the presentment; and
  2. The accused committed that conduct voluntarily; and
  3. That conduct endangered another person’s life; and
  4. The accused acted recklessly; and
  5. The accused acted without lawful authority or excuse.

 

Conduct

1. Did the accused commit the conduct alleged in the presentment?

If Yes, then go to Question 2

If No, then the accused is Not Guilty of Conduct Endangering Life

Voluntariness

2. Did the accused voluntarily commit that conduct?

If Yes, then go to Question 3.1

If No, then the accused is Not Guilty of Conduct Endangering Life

Endangerment

3. Did the accused’s conduct endanger another person’s life?

3.1 Would a reasonable person who committed the same conduct as the accused, in the same circumstances, have realised that s/he was placing another person at an appreciable risk of death?

Consider – There must be more than a remote risk of death.

If Yes, then go to Question 4.1

If No, then go to Question 3.2

3.2 Would a reasonable person who committed the same conduct as the accused, in the same circumstances, have realised that s/he may have been placing another person at an appreciable risk of death?

Consider – There must be more than a remote risk of death.

If Yes, then go to Question 4.1

If No, then the accused is Not Guilty of Conduct Endangering Life

Recklessness

4. Did the accused act recklessly?

4.1 At the time the accused committed the relevant conduct, did s/he foresee that an appreciable risk of death was a probable consequence of his/her actions?

Consider – The risk must have been probable rather than possible.

Consider – The accused does not need to have foreseen that his conduct would probably cause death. S/he must have foreseen that his/her actions would probably create an appreciable risk of death.

If Yes, then go to Question 5

If No, then the accused is Not Guilty of Conduct Endangering Life

Lawful excuse

5. Did the accused act without any lawful authority or excuse?

If Yes, then the accused is Guilty of Conduct Endangering Life
(as long as you have also answered Yes to questions 1, 2, 3.1 or 3.2 and 4.1)

If No, then the accused is Not Guilty of Conduct Endangering Life

 

Last updated: 1 November 2014

See Also

7.4.14 - Conduct Endangering Life

7.4.14.1 - Charge: Conduct Endangering Life