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When to Use this Charge
This is a generic charge that can be adapted for use in cases where:
Where the requirements of s32 have been met, this warning should be inserted into the following charges where indicated:
In this case you heard evidence that [insert details of the previous representation].
It is for you to determine whether NO3P made the alleged statement. If you find that s/he did, you can use that fact to [identify the asserted facts in the statement and how those facts are relevant in the case. If necessary, also describe any limitations on the use of the evidence, following a ruling under s136].
However, before you do so, I must warn you about the need for caution when considering NOW’s evidence about that statement.
Matters that may cause unreliability
I must give you this warning because NOW’s evidence was about a statement that was made out of court. It is the experience of the law that evidence of out-of-court statements may be unreliable, because [identify all of the risks of unreliability posed by the evidence in the case, such as:
The judge should also identify any other factors that may have a bearing on the reliability of the evidence in the case, such as:
The law says that every jury must take this potential unreliability into account when considering evidence of an out-of-court statement. You must take it into account in determining whether you accept NOW’s evidence at all, and if you do accept it, in deciding what weight to give to that evidence.
 Name of 3rd party (i.e., the person who made the statement).
Last updated: 29 June 2015